libtermcap - terminal independent operation routines
cc [ flags ] files -ltermcap [ libraries ]
These functions extract and use capabilities from a terminal
capability data base, usually /etc/termcap, the format of which is
described in termcap(5). These are low level routines; see
libcurses(3) for a higher level package.
/usr/lib/libtermcap.a -ltermcap library (also known as -ltermlib)
/etc/termcap standard terminal capability data base
$HOME/.termcap user’s terminal capability data base
ex(1), libcurses(3), termcap(5)
char *bp, *name;
char *id, **area;
tgoto(cm, destcol, destline)
tputs(cp, affcnt, outc)
register char *cp;
Tgetent extracts the entry for terminal name into the buffer at bp.
Bp should be a character buffer of size 1024 and must be retained
through all subsequent calls to tgetnum, tgetflag, and tgetstr.
Tgetent returns -1 if none of the termcap data base files could be
opened, 0 if the terminal name given does not have an entry, and 1
if all goes well. It will look in the environment for a TERMCAP
variable. If found, and the value does not begin with a slash, and
the terminal type name is the same as the environment string TERM,
the TERMCAP string is used instead of reading a termcap file. If
it does begin with a slash, the string is used as a path name of
the termcap file to search. If TERMCAP does not begin with a slash
and name is different from TERM, tgetent searches the files
$HOME/.termcap and /etc/termcap, in that order, unless the
environment variable TERMPATH exists, in which case it specifies a
list of file pathnames (separated by spaces or colons) to be
searched instead. Whenever multiple files are searched and a tc
field occurs in the requested entry, the entry it names must be
found in the same file or one of the succeeding files. This can
speed up entry into programs that call tgetent, as well as help
debug new terminal descriptions or make one for your terminal if
you can’t write the file /etc/termcap.
Tgetnum gets the numeric value
of capability id, returning -1 if is
not given for the terminal. Tgetflag returns 1 if the specified
capability is present in the terminal’s entry, 0 if it is not.
Tgetstr returns the string value of the capability id, places it in
the buffer at area, and advances the area pointer. It decodes the
abbreviations for this field described in termcap(5), except for
cursor addressing and padding information. Tgetstr returns NULL if
the capability was not found.
Tgoto returns a cursor
addressing string decoded from cm to go to
column destcol in line destline. It uses the external variables UP
(from the up capability) and BC (if bc is given rather than bs) if
necessary to avoid placing 0 ^D or ^@ in the returned string.
(Programs which call tgoto should be sure to turn off the XTABS
bit(s), since tgoto may now output a tab. Note that programs using
termcap should in general turn off XTABS anyway since some
terminals use control-I for other functions, such as nondestructive
space.) If a % sequence is given which is not understood, then
tgoto returns "OOPS".
Tputs decodes the leading
padding information of the string cp;
affcnt gives the number of lines affected by the operation, or 1 if
this is not applicable, outc is a routine which is called with each
character in turn. The external variable ospeed should contain the
output speed of the terminal as encoded by stty(3). The external
variable PC should contain a pad character to be used (from the pc
capability) if a null (^@) is inappropriate.